everybody! Welcome to the EnglishBlog. In this podcast, youll be
learning some interesting survival English on when to use in case and
when to use if.
Before starting, let me first explain that the lesson is divided into two parts:
PART ONE: youll be learning the difference between in case and if.
PART TWO: youll be listening to a couple preparing to go on holiday.
So lets start!
Woman: Do you know when to use in case and when to use if? If not listen and learn.
Woman: In case is not the same as if. We use in case to say why somebody does something. You do something now in case something happens later. It gives a reason for the action. You do something because it is possible something will happen.
Now listen to these examples:
Man: Ill give you my phone number in case you need to contact me.
Man: You should insure your luggage in case it is stolen.
Man: I will photocopy my passport in case I lose it.
Woman: In case appears similar to if and is often confused with it. But the two are completely different. The second part of an if sentence is dependant on the condition given by the if part of the sentence.
Man: If you need to contact me, call me on this number.
Man: If you dont insure your luggage, you wont get any compensation.
Man: If your passport is stolen, you should contact the police.
Woman: Now lets listen to these words in the dialogue: pay attention to how they are used.
Woman: Theres only one more hour and the taxi will be here to take us to the airport. Lets double check everything.
Man: Have you left the key with the neighbour in case the alarm goes off?
Man: Have you written down all the bank and credit card help numbers, in case somebody steals my wallet?
Man: What will we do if we cant take all this hand luggage onboard?
Woman: If we cant take all this hand luggage onboard, well just have to repack at the airport.
Man: Have you packed jackets and an umbrella, in case it rains?
Woman: If it rains in Barbados, we can buy an umbrella there, Im not taking up space in our suitcases with silly things.
Man: OK, well I think thats everything. Lets just check our passports and travel documents are safe, and we can relax until the taxi comes.
Woman: I hope hes not late. What will we do if hes late?
Man: Sit down and relax, we have plenty of time, and if he is late, well call the taxi company, and I can always drive if necessary.
Woman: OK, put the kettle on then, and remember to unplug it after youve made the tea.
Man: Yes, dear.
Woman: If you wish you can hear this lesson again. In the meantime we hope we have helped you to be more confident with your English. Watch out for the next topic. Thank you for using the EnglishBlog.